Subchapter 48F of Title 2 of the North Carolina Administration Code (2 NCAC 48F) was transferred and recodified from Subchapter 10G of Title 2 of the North Carolina Administrative Code (2 NCAC 10G), effective October 3, 1990.







02 NCAC 48F .0102           DEFINITIONS

02 NCAC 48F .0103           BOARD ORGANIZATION





History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.1 through 106‑202.8;

Eff. July 1, 1980;

Repealed Eff. May 1, 1984.








History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.1 through 106‑202.8;

Eff. July 1, 1980;

Repealed Eff. May 1, 1984.






02 NCAC 48F .0301           Protected PLANT SPECIES LIST

The North Carolina Plant Conservation Board hereby establishes the following list of protected plant species (** indicates federally listed):


                Species                                                                   Status                    

(1)           Acrobolbus ciliatus                                              Special Concern, Vulnerable

                A liverwort;

(2)           Adiantum capillus-veneris                                 Threatened

                Venus Hair Fern;

(3)           Adlumia fungosa                                                 Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Climbing Fumitory;

(4)           Aeschynomene virginica**                               Threatened

                Sensitive Jointvetch;

(5)           Agalinis virgata                                                    Threatened

                Branched Gerardia;

(6)           Agrostis mertensii                                                Endangered

                Artic Bentgrass;

(7)           Allium cuthbertii                                                  Threatened

                Striped Garlic;

(8)           Alnus viridis ssp. crispa                                       Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Green Alder;

(9)           Amaranthus pumilus**                                     Threatened

                Seabeach Amaranth;

(10)         Amorpha confusa                                                               Threatened

                Savanna Indigo-bush;

(11)         Amorpha georgiana                                            Endangered

                Georgia Indigo-bush;

(12)         Amphicarpum muhlenbergianum                    Endangered

                Florida Goober Grass, Blue Maidencane;

(13)         Andropogon mohrii                                             Threatened

                Bog Bluestem;

(14)         Anemone berlandieri                                          Endangered

                Southern Anemone;

(15)         Anemone caroliniana                                         Endangered

                Prairie Anemone;

(16)         Arabis pycnocarpa var. adpressipilis               Endangered

                Hairy Rockcress;

(17)         Arethusa bulbosa                                                Endangered

                Bog Rose;

(18)         Aristida condensata                                            Threatened

                Big Three-awn Grass;

(19)         Aristida simpliciflora                                           Endangered

                Chapman's Three-awn;

(20)         Arnoglossum ovatum                                         Endangered

                Savanna Indian-plantain;

(21)         Asclepias pedicellata                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Savanna Milkweed;

(22)         Asplenium heteroresiliens                                  Endangered

                Carolina Spleenwort;

(23)         Asplenium monanthes                                       Endangered

                Single-sorus Spleenwort;

(24)         Asplenium ruta-muraria                                     Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Wall-rue Spleenwort;

(25)         Astragalus michauxii                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Sandhills Milkvetch;

(26)         Baccharis glomeruliflora                                    Special Concern, Historical


(27)         Bacopa caroliniana                                            Threatened

                Blue Water-hyssop;

(28)         Bacopa innominata                                            Special Concern, Historical

                Tropical Water-hyssop;

(29)         Balduina atropurpurea                                       Endangered

                Purple-disk Honeycomb-head;

(30)         Baptisia alba                                                        Threatened

                Thick-pod White Wild Indigo;

(31)         Baptisia bracteata                                                               Special Concern, Historical

                Creamy Wild Indigo;

(32)         Baptisia australis var. aberrans                        Endangered

                Prairie Blue Wild Indigo;

(33)         Berberis canadensis                                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                American Barberry;

(34)         Betula cordifolia                                                  Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Mountain Paper Birch;

(35)         Boechera missouriensis                                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Missouri Rockcress;

(36)         Buchnera americana                                          Endangered

                American Bluehearts;

(37)         Buckleya distichophylla                                    Threatened


(38)         Bulbostylis warei                                                 Special Concern, Historical

                Ware's Hair Sedge;

(39)         Calamagrostis cainii                                           Endangered

                Cain's Reed Grass;

(40)         Calopogon multiflorus                                       Endangered

                Many-flower Grass-pink;

(41)         Caltha palustris                                                    Endangered


(42)         Camassia scilloides                                             Threatened

                Wild Hyacinth;

(43)         Campanula rotundifolia                                    Endangered


(44)         Campylium stellatum                                         Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Yellow Starry Fen Moss;

(45)         Canoparmelia amabilis                                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Worthy Shield Lichen;

(46)         Cardamine dissecta                                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Dissected Toothwort;

(47)         Cardamine douglassii                                         Threatened

                Douglass's Bittercress;

(48)         Cardamine longii                                                 Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Long's Bittercress;

(49)         Cardamine micranthera**                                                Endangered

                Small-anthered Bittercress;

(50)         Cardamine rotundifolia                                     Threatened

                Mountain Watercress;

(51)         Carex argyrantha                                                                Endangered

                Hay Sedge;

(52)         Carex barrattii                                                      Special Concern, Historical

                Barratt's Sedge;

(53)         Carex buxbaumii                                                Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Brown Bog Sedge;

(54)         Carex careyana                                                   Threatened

                Carey's Sedge;

(55)         Carex cherokeensis                                             Endangered

                Cherokee Sedge;

(56)         Carex conoidea                                                   Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Cone-shaped Sedge:

(57)         Carex cristatella                                                   Special Concern, Historical

                Small-crested Sedge;

(58)         Carex decomposita                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Cypress Knee Sedge;

(59)         Carex eburnea                                                     Threatened

                Bristle-leaf Sedge;

(60)         Carex exilis                                                           Endangered

                Coastal Sedge;

(61)         Carex hitchcockiana                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Hitchcock's Sedge;

(62)         Carex hormathodes                                            Threatened

                A Sedge;

(63)         Carex lutea**                                                      Endangered

                Golden Sedge;

(64)         Carex oligocarpa                                                 Threatened

                Rich-woods Sedge;

(65)         Carex oligosperma                                              Endangered

                Few-seeded Sedge;

(66)         Carex pedunculata                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Longstalk Sedge;

(67)         Carex purpurifera                                                                Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Purple Sedge;

(68)         Carex radfordii                                                    Threatened

                Radford's Sedge;

(69)         Carex reniformis                                                  Threatened

                Kidney Sedge;

(70)         Carex tenax                                                          Endangered

                Wire Sedge;

(71)         Carex trisperma                                                   Endangered

                Three-seeded Sedge;          

(72)         Carex vestita                                                        Special Concern, Historical

                Velvet Sedge;

(73)         Carya laciniosa                                                    Threatened

                Big Shellbark Hickory;

(74)         Carya myristiciformis                                         Endangered

                Nutmeg Hickory;

(75)         Celastrus scandens                                              Endangered

                American Bittersweet;

(76)         Cetraria arenaria                                                 Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Sand-loving Iceland Lichen;

(77)         Euphorbia cordifolia                                           Threatened

                Heartleaf Sandmat;

(78)         Chamerion platyphyllum                                  Endangered


(79)         Chasmanthium nitidum                                     Threatened

                A Spanglegrass;

(80)         Chelone cuthbertii                                               Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Cuthbert's Turtlehead;

(81)         Chenopodium simplex                                       Threatened

                Giant-seed Goosefoot;

(82)         Chiloscyphus appalachianus                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                A Liverwort;

(83)         Chiloscyphus muricatus                                     Special Concern, Vulnerable

                A Liverwort;

(84)         Chrysoma pauciflosculosa                                                Endangered

                Woody Goldenrod;

(85)         Cirsium carolinianum                                         Endangered

                Carolina Thistle;

(86)         Cirsium lecontei                                                   Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Leconte's Thistle;

(87)         Cladonia psoromica                                           Threatened

                Bluff Mountain Reindeer Lichen;

(88)         Clematis occidentalis                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Mountain Clematis;

(89)         Clinopodium georgianum                                  Endangered

                Georgia Calamint;

(90)         Coeloglossum viride var. virescens                  Endangered

                Long-bracted Frog Orchid;

(91)         Coelorachis cylindrica                                        Special Concern, Historical

                Carolina Jointgrass;

(92)         Collinsonia tuberosa                                           Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Piedmont Horsebalm;

(93)         Collinsonia verticillata                                        Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Whorled Horsebalm;

(94)         Conioselinum chinense                                      Threatened


(95)         Coptis trifolia var. groenlandica                       Threatened


(96)         Cornus asperifolia                                               Endangered

                Roughleaf Dogwood;

(97)         Corydalis micrantha                                           Threatened

                Slender Corydalis;

(98)         Crinum americanum                                          Special Concern, Historical


(99)         Crocanthemum bicknellii                                  Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Plains Sunrose;

(100)      Crocanthemum carolinianum                          Endangered

                Carolina Sunrose;

(101)      Crocanthemum corymbosum                          Threatened

                Pinebarren Sunrose;

(102)      Crocanthemum georgianum                             Endangered

                Georgia Sunrose;

(103)      Crocanthemum nashii                                        Endangered

                Florida Scrub Frostweed;

(104)      Crocanthemum propinquum                            Threatened

                Creeping Sunrose;

(105)      Crocanthemum rosmarinifolium                     Threatened

                Rosemary Sunrose;

(106)      Croton monanthogynus                                     Endangered

                Prairie-tea Croton;

(107)      Cyperus dentatus                                                Special Concern, Historical

                Toothed Flatsedge;

(108)      Cyperus granitophilus                                         Threatened

                Granite Flatsedge;

(109)      Cyperus lecontei                                                  Threatened

                Leconte's Flatsedge;

(110)      Cyperus tetragonus                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Four-angled Flatsedge;

(111)      Cystopteris tennesseensis                                   Endangered

                Tennessee Bladder-fern;

(112)      Rubus dalibarda                                                  Endangered

                Robin Runaway;

(113)      Delphinium exaltatum                                       Endangered

                Tall Larkspur;

(114)      Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. glauca                 Threatened

                Tufted Hairgrass;

(115)      Desmodium ochroleucum                                 Special Concern, Historical

                Creamy Tick-trefoil;

(116)      Desmodium sessilifolium                                   Special Concern, Historical

                Sessile Tick-trefoil;

(117)      Diarrhena Americana                                         Endangered

                Eastern Beakgrass;

(118)      Dichanthelium aciculare ssp. neuranthum     Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Nerved Witch Grass

(119)      Dichanthelium caerulescens                              Endangered

                Blue Witch Grass;

(120)      Dichanthelium hirstii                                           Endangered

                Hirsts' Panic Grass;

(121)      Diervilla rivularis                                                  Threatened

                Riverbank Bush-honeysuckle;

(122)      Dionaea muscipula                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Venus Flytrap;

(123)      Primula meadia                                                   Threatened


(124)      Draba ramosissima                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Branching Draba;

(125)      Drepanolejeunea appalachiana                       Special Concern, Vulnerable

                A Liverwort;

(126)      Drosera filiformis                                                 Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Threadleaf Sundew;

(127)      Echinacea laevigata**                                       Endangered

                Smooth Coneflower;

(128)      Echinacea purpurea                                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Purple Coneflower,

(129)      Echinodorus tenellus                                           Endangered

                Dwarf Burhead;

(130)      Eleocharis cellulosa                                             Endangered

                Gulfcoast Spikerush;

(131)      Eleocharis elongata                                             Endangered

                Florida Spikerush;

(132)      Eleocharis robbinsii                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Robbins' Spikerush;

(133)      Eleocharis vivipara                                             Endangered

                Viviparous Spikerush;

(134)      Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus          Threatened

                Slender Wheatgrass;

(135)      Elymus virgincus var. halophilus                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Terrell Grass;

(136)      Enemion biternatum                                           Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Eastern Isopyrun;

(137)      Epidendrum magnoliae                                      Threatened

                Green Fly Orchid;

(138)      Eriocaulon aquaticum                                        Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Seven-angled pipewort;

(139)      Eriocaulon parkeri                                               Threatened

                Estuary Pipewort;

(140)      Eriocaulon texense                                              Endangered

                Texas Hatpins;

(141)      Eriogonum tomentosum                                    Special Concern, Historical

                Southern Wild-buckwheat

(142)      Erythrina herbacea                                             Endangered


(143)      Eupatorium leptophyllum                                 Endangered

                Limesink Dog-fennel;

(144)      Eupatorium paludicola                                      Threatened

                Bay Boneset;

(145)      Euphorbia commutata                                       Threatened

                Cliff Spurge;

(146)      Euphorbia mercurialina                                     Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Cumberland Spurge;

(147)      Filipendula rubra                                                 Endangered


(148)      Fimbristylis perpusilla                                         Threatened

                Harper's Fimbry;

(149)      Fleishmannia incarnata                                     Threatened

                Pink Thoroughwort:

(150)      Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis                   Endangered

                Sandhills Blanket-flower;

(151)      Galactia mollis                                                     Threatened

                Soft Milk-pea;

(152)      Gaylussacia brachycera                                     Endangered

                Box Huckleberry;

(153)      Gaylussacia nana                                                                Endangered

                Confederate Huckleberry;

(154)      Gelsemium rankinii                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Swamp Jessamine;

(155)      Gentiana alba                                                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Yellow Gentian;

(156)      Gentianopsis crinita                                            Threatened

                Fringed Gentian;

(157)      Geum aleppicum                                                 Endangered

                Yellow Avens;

(158)      Geum geniculatum                                              Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Bent Avens;

(159)      Geum laciniatum                                                 Endangered

                Rough Avens;

(160)      Geum lobatum                                                     Endangered

                Lobed Barren-strawberry;

(161)      Geum radiatum**                                                               Endangered

                Spreading Avens;

(162)      Gillenia stipulata                                                  Threatened

                Indian Physic;

(163)      Gratiola aurea                                                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Golden Hedge-hyssop;

(164)      Gymnocarpium appalachianum                      Threatened

                Appalachian Oak Fern;

(165)      Gymnoderma lineare**                                     Endangered

                Rock Gnome Lichen;

(166)      Senecio suaveolens                                             Special Concern, Historical

                Sweet Indian-plantain;

(167)      Helenium brevifolium                                        Endangered

                Littleleaf Sneezeweed;

(168)      Helenium vernale                                                                Endangered

                Spring Sneezeweed;

(169)      Helianthus floridanus                                         Threatened

                Florida Sunflower;

(170)      Helianthus laevigatus                                         Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Smooth Sunflower;

(171)      Helianthus occidenatlis ssp. occidentalis        Special Concern, Historical

                Naked-stem Sunflower;

(172)      Helianthus schweinitzii**                                  Endangered

                Schweinitz's Sunflower;

(173)      Helonias bullata**                                              Threatened

                Swamp Pink;

(174)      Hexastylis contracta                                           Endangered

                Mountain Heartleaf;

(175)      Hexastylis naniflora**                                       Threatened

                Dwarf-flowered Heartleaf;

(176)      Hibiscus aculeatus                                              Threatened


(177)      Houstonia montana                                           Endangered

                Roan Mountain Bluet;

(178)      Hudsonia montana**                                        Threatened

                Mountain Golden-heather;

(179)      Hudsonia tomentosa                                          Threatened

                Sand Heather;

(180)      Hymenocallis occidentalis                                 Special Concern, Historical

                Hillside Spider-lily;

(181)      Hymenocallis pygmaea                                     Threatened

                Waccamaw River Spiderlily;

(182)      Hypericum adpressum                                       Special Concern, Historical

                Bog St. John's-wort;

(183)      Hypericum brachyphyllum                                               Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Coastal Plain St. John's-wort;

(184)      Hypericum fasciculatum                                   Endangered

                Peelbark St. John's-wort;

(185)      Hypericum suffruticosum                                 Special Concern, Historical

                Pineland St. John's-wort;

(186)      Ilex collina                                                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Long-stalked Holly;

(187)      Ipomoea imperati                                                               Threatened

                Beach Morning-glory;

(188)      Isoetes microvela                                                Threatened

                Thin-wall Quillwort;

(189)      Isoetes piedmontana                                          Endangered

                Piedmont Quillwort;

(190)      Isotria medeoloides**                                        Threatened

                Small Whorled Pogonia;

(191)      Iva microcephala                                                                Threatened

                Small-headed Marsh Elder;

(192)      Jeffersonia diphylla                                            Threatened


(193)      Juncus caesariensis                                             Endangered

                New Jersey Rush;

(194)      Juniperus communis var. depressa                  Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Dwarf Juniper;

(195)      Kalmia angustifolia                                            Threatened


(196)      Lachnocaulon minus                                          Threatened

                Brown Bogbutton;

(197)      Lechea maritima var. virginica                         Endangered

                Maritime Pinweed;

(198)      Lechea torreyi                                                      Endangered

                Torrey's Pinweed;

(199)      Lejeunea blomquistii                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                A Liverwort;

(200)      Leptochloa fascicularis var. maritima            Endangered

                Long-awned Spangletop;

(201)      Liatris aspera                                                        Threatened

                Rough Blazing-star;

(202)      Liatris helleri**                                                    Threatened

                Heller's Blazing-star;

(203)      Liatris microcephala                                           Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Small-head Blazing-star;

(204)      Lilium canadense var. canadense                    Endangered

                Yellow Canada Lily;

(205)      Lilium canadense ssp. editorum                       Endangered

                Red Canada Lily;

(206)      Lilium grayi                                                          Threatened

                Gray's Lily;

(207)      Lilium philadelphicum var. philadelphicum  Endangered

                Wood Lily;

(208)      Lilium pyrophilum                                              Endangered

                Sandhills Lily;

(209)      Limosella australis                                              Threatened

                Awl-leaf Mudwort;

(210)      Lindera melissifolia**                                        Endangered


(211)      Linum floridanum var. chrysocarpum            Threatened

                Yellow-fruited Flax;

(212)      Linum sulcatum                                                  Special Concern, Historical

                Glade Flax;

(213)      Liparis loeselii                                                       Endangered

                Fen Orchid;

(214)      Lipocarpha micrantha                                       Special Concern, Historical

                Small-flowered Hemicarpha;

(215)      Lithospermum canescens                                  Threatened

                Hoary Puccoon;

(216)      Litsea aestivalis                                                   Special Concern, Vulnerable


(217)      Lobelia boykinii                                                   Endangered

                Boykin's Lobelia;

(218)      Lophiola aurea                                                    Endangered


(219)      [Lotus] Acmispon helleri                                    Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Carolina Birdfoot-trefoil;

(220)      Ludwigia lanceolata                                           Endangered

                Lanceleaf Seedbox;

(221)      Ludwigia linifolia                                                 Threatened

                Flaxleaf Seedbox;

(222)      Ludwigia ravenii                                                  Threatened

                Raven's Seedbox;

(223)      Ludwigia sphaerocarpa                                      Endangered

                Globe-fruit seedbox;

(224)      Ludwigia suffruticosa                                         Threatened

                Shrubby Seedbox;

(225)      Lysimachia asperulifolia**                               Endangered

                Rough-leaf Loosestrife;

(226)      Lysimachia fraseri                                              Endangered

                Fraser's Loosestrife;

(227)      Macbridea caroliniana                                       Endangered

                Carolina Bogmint;

(228)      Magnolia macrophylla                                       Threatened

                Bigleaf Magnolia;

(229)      Malaxis spicata                                                   Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Florida Adder's-mouth;

(230)      Marshallia grandiflora                                        Special Concern, Historical

                Large-flowered Barbara's-buttons;

(231)      Marshallia trinervia                                             Special Concern, Historical

                Broadleaf Barbara's-buttons;

(232)      Melica nitens                                                        Endangered

                Three-flowered Melic;

(233)      Menyanthes trifoliata                                         Threatened


(234)      Micranthes pensylvanica                                   Endangered

                Swamp Saxifrage;

(235)      Micropolypodium nimbatum                           Threatened

                West Indian Dwarf Polypody;

(236)      Minuartia godfreyi                                              Endangered

                Godfrey's Sandwort;

(237)      Minuartia groenlandica                                      Threatened

                Greenland Sandwort;

(238)      Minuartia uniflora                                               Endangered

                Single-flowered Sandwort;

(239)      Monotropsis odorata                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Sweet Pinesap;

(240)      Muhlenbergia glomerata                                    Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Spiked Muhly;

(241)      Muhlenbergia sobolifera                                    Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Rock Muhly;

(242)      Muhlenbergia torreyana                                    Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Pinebarren Smokegrass;

(243)      Myrica gale                                                           Endangered

                Sweet Gale;

(244)      Myriophyllum laxum                                         Endangered

                Loose Water-milfoil;

(245)      Myriophyllum tenellum                                     Endangered

                Leafless Water-milfoil;

(246)      Narthecium montanum                                     Special Concern, Historical

                Appalachian Yellow Asphodel;

(247)      Oenothera perennis                                             Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Perennial Sundrops;

(248)      Oldenlandia boscii                                               Endangered

                Bosc's Bluet;

(249)      Orbexilum macrophyllum                                 Special Concern, Historical

                Bigleaf Scurfpea;

(250)      Orbexilum onobrychis                                        Special Concern, Historical

                Lanceleaf Scurfpea;

(251)      Oxypolis canbyi**                                              Endangered

                Canby's Dropwort;

(252)      Pachysandra procumbens                                 Endangered

                Allegheny Spurge;

(253)      Packera millefolium                                            Threatened

                Divided-leaf Ragwort;

(254)      Packera paupercula var. appalachiana          Threatened

                Prairie Ragwort;

(255)      Packera schweinitziana                                      Threatened

                Schweinitz's Ragwort;

(256)      Panicum flexile                                                    Threatened

                Wiry Panic Grass;

(257)      Parietaria praetermissa                                       Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Large-seed Pellitory;

(258)      Parnassia caroliniana                                         Threatened

                Carolina Grass-of-parnassus;

(259)      Parnassia grandifolia                                          Threatened

                Large-leaved Grass-of-parnassus;

(260)      Paronychia herniarioides                                   Endangered

                Michaux's Whitlow-wort;

(261)      Paspalum dissectum                                           Endangered

                Mudbank Crown Grass;

(262)      Pedicularis lanceolata                                         Threatened

                Swamp Lousewort;

(263)      Pellaea wrightiana                                               Endangered

                Wright's Cliff-brake;

(264)      Persicaria hirsuta                                                 Endangered

                Hairy Smartweed;

(265)      Phacelia maculata                                              Endangered

                Spotted Phacelia;

(266)      Phegopteris connectilis                                       Endangered

                Northern Beech Fern;

(267)      Pinguicula pumila                                                Endangered

                Small Butterwort;

(268)      Pityopsis graminifolia var. graminifolia          Endangered

                A Silkgrass;

(269)      Plantago cordata                                                 Endangered

                Heart-leaf Plantain;

(270)      Plantago sparsiflora                                            Threatened

                Pineland Plantain;

(271)      Platanthera grandiflora                                      Threatened

                Large Purple-fringed Orchid;

(272)      Platanthera integra                                              Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Yellow Fringeless Orchid;

(273)      Plantanthera integrilabia                                    Special Concern, Historical

                White Fringeless Orchid;

(274)      Platanthera nivea                                                                Threatened

                Snowy Orchid;

(275)      Platanthera peramoena                                     Threatened

                Purple Fringeless Orchid;

(276)      Poa saltuensis                                                       Threatened

                A Bluegrass;

(277)      Polemonium reptans var. reptans                    Threatened

                Jacob's Ladder;

(278)      Polygala hookeri                                                  Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Hooker's Milkwort;

(279)      Polygonella articulata                                         Special Concern, Historical

                Coast Jointweed;

(280)      Polygonum glaucum                                           Endangered

                Seabeach Knotweed;

(281)      Ponthieva racemosa                                           Threatened


(282)      Portulaca smallii                                                  Threatened

                Small's Portulaca;

(283)      Prenanthes alba                                                   Threatened

                White Rattlesnakeroot;

(284)      Pteroglossaspis ecristata                                     Endangered

                Spiked Medusa;

(285)      Ptilimnium costatum                                          Threatened

                Ribbed Bishop-weed;

(286)      Ptilimnium nodosum**                                      Endangered


(287)      Pyrola elliptica                                                     Endangered

                Elliptic Shinleaf;

(288)      Quercus ilicifolia                                                  Endangered

                Bear Oak

(289)      Quercus prinoides                                                Endangered

                Dwarf Chinquapin Oak;

(290)      Ranunculus ambigens                                        Special Concern, Historical

                Water-plantain Spearwort;

(291)      Ranunculus flabellaris                                        Special Concern, Historical

                Yellow Water-crowfoot;

(292)      Ranunculus hederaceus                                     Endangered

                Ivy Buttercup;

(293)      Rhexia aristosa                                                    Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Awned Meadow-beauty;

(294)      Rhodiola rosea                                                     Endangered


(295)      Rhododendron prinophyllum                           Threatened

                Election Pink;

(296)      Rhus michauxii**                                               Endangered

                Michaux's Sumac;

(297)      Rhynchospora crinipes                                       Threatened

                Alabama Beaksedge;

(298)      Rhynchospora decurrens                                   Threatened

                Swamp Forest Beaksedge;

(299)      Rhynchospora harperi                                        Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Harper's Beaksedge:

(300)      Rhynchospora macra                                         Threatened

                Southern White Beaksedge;

(301)      Rhynchospora odorata                                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Fragrant Beaksedge;

(302)      Rhynchospora pleiantha                                   Threatened

                Coastal Beaksedge;

(303)      Rhynchospora thornei                                        Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Thorne's Beaksedge;

(304)      Rhynchospora tracyi                                          Threatened

                Tracy's Beaksedge;

(305)      Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus                                Threatened

                Red Raspberry;

(306)      Rudbeckia heliopsidis                                         Endangered

                Sun-facing Coneflower;

(307)      Ruellia ciliosa                                                       Threatened

                Sandhills Wild-petunia;

(308)      Ruellia humilis                                                     Endangered

                Low Wild-petunia;

(309)      Ruellia purshiana                                                Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Pursh's Wild-petunia;

(310)      Ruellia strepens                                                    Endangered

                Limestone Wild-petunia;

(311)      Sabal palmetto                                                    Threatened

                Cabbage Palm;

(312)      Sabatia kennedyana                                          Threatened

                Plymouth Gentian;

(313)      Sageretia minutiflora                                          Threatened

                Small-flowered Buckthorn;

(314)      Sagittaria chapmanii                                          Endangered

                Chapman's Arrowhead;

(315)      Sagittaria fasciculata**                                     Endangered

                Bunched Arrowhead;

(316)      Sagittaria isoetiformis                                         Threatened

                Quillwort Arrowhead;

(317)      Sagittaria macrocarpa                                        Threatened

                Streamhead Sagittaria;

(318)      Sagittaria weatherbiana                                     Endangered

                Grassleaf Arrowhead;

(319)      Sarracenia jonesii**                                           Endangered

                Mountain Sweet Pitcher Plant;

(320)      Sarracenia minor                                                 Endangered

                Hooded Pitcher Plant;

(321)      Sarracenia oreophila**                                      Endangered

                Green Pitcher Plant;

(322)      Sceptridium jenmanii                                         Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Alabama Grape-fern;

(323)      Schisandra glabra                                                                Threatened

                Magnolia Vine;

(324)      Schwalbea americana**                                   Endangered


(325)      Scirpus flaccidifolius                                           Endangered

                Reclining Bulrush;

(326)      Scirpus lineatus                                                    Threatened

                Drooping Bulrush;

(327)      Scleria baldwinii                                                   Threatened

                Baldwin's Nutrush;

(328)      Scleria reticularis                                                  Threatened

                Netted Nutrush;

(329)      Scutellaria australis                                             Endangered

                Southern Skullcap;

(330)      Scutellaria galericulata                                       Special Concern, Historical

                Hooded Skullcap;

(331)      Scutellaria leonardii                                            Endangered

                Shale-barren Skullcap;

(332)      Scutellaria nervosa                                              Endangered

                Veined Skullcap;

(333)      Ditrysinia fruticosa                                              Special Concern, Vulnerable


(334)      Sedum pusillum                                                   Endangered

                Puck's Orpine;

(335)      Seymeria pectinata                                             Special Concern, Historical

                Sticky Afzelia;

(336)      Shortia galacifolia var. brevistyla                    Endangered

                Northern Oconee Bells;

(337)      Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia                   Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Southern Oconee Bells;

(338)      Sideroxylon tenax                                               Threatened

                Tough Bumelia;

(339)      Silene ovata                                                          Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Mountain Catchfly;

(340)      Silphium connatum                                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Virginia Cup-plant;

(341)      Silphium perfoliatum                                          Threatened

                Northern Cup-plant;

(342)      Sisyrinchium dichotomum**                            Endangered

                White Irisette;

(343)      Solidago leavenworthii                                       Threatened

                Leavenworth;s Goldenrod;

(344)      Solidago plumosa                                                                Threatened

                Yadkin River Goldenrod;

(345)      Solidago ptarmicoides                                        Endangered

                Prairie Goldenrod;

(346)      Solidago radula                                                    Endangered

                Western Rough Goldenrod;

(347)      Solidago rigida var. rigida                                  Threatened

                Prairie Bold Goldenrod;

(348)      Solidago spithamaea**                                     Threatened

                Blue Ridge Goldenrod;

(349)      Solidago tortifolia                                                Endangered

                Twisted-leaf Goldenrod;

(350)      Solidago villosicarpa                                           Endangered

                Coastal Goldenrod:

(351)      Sparganium emersum                                        Threatened

                Greenfruit Bur-reed;

(352)      Spartina pectinata                                                               Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Freshwater Cordgrass;

(353)      Sphagnum contortum                                        Threatened

                Contorted Peatmoss;

(354)      Spigelia marilandica                                           Threatened


(355)      Spiraea corymbosa                                             Endangered

                Shinyleaf Meadowsweet;

(356)      Spiraea virginiana**                                           Threatened

                Virginia Spiraea;

(357)      Spiranthes eatonii                                                                Endangered

                Eaton's Ladies'-tresses;

(358)      Spiranthes lacera var. lacera                             Endangered

                Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses;

(359)      Spiranthes laciniata                                            Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Lace-lip Ladies'-tresses;

(360)      Spiranthes longilabris                                          Endangered

                Giant Spiral Orchid;

(361)      Spiranthes lucida                                                 Endangered

                Shining Ladies'-tresses;

(362)      Spiranthes ochroleuca                                        Threatened

                Yellow Ladies'-tresses;

(363)      Sporobolus heterolepis                                       Threatened

                Prairie Dropseed;

(364)      Sporobolus teretifolius                                        Threatened

                Wireleaf Dropseed;

(365)      Sporobolus virginicus                                          Threatened

                Saltmarsh Dropseed;

(366)      Stenanthium gramineum var. robustum         Threatened

                Bog Featherbells;

(367)      Stenathium leimanthoides                                 Threatened

                Pinebarren Death-camas;

(368)      Streptopus amplexifolius                                   Special Concern, Vulnerable

                White Mandarin;

(369)      Stylisma aquatica                                                               Endangered

                Water Dawnflower;

(370)      Stylisma pickeringii var. pickeringii                  Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Pickering's Dawnflower;

(371)      Symphyotrichum depauperatum                     Endangered

                Serpentine Aster;

(372)      Symphyotrichum georgianum                          Threatened

                Georgia Aster;

(373)      Symphyotrichum leave var. concinnum        Threatened

                Narrow-leaf Aster;

(374)      Symphyotrichum oblongifolium                      Threatened

                Aromatic Aster;

(375)      Symphyotrichum rhiannon                                               Threatened

                Buck Creek Aster;

(376)      Synandra hispidula                                             Endangered


(377)      Taxus canadensis                                                                Threatened

                Canada Yew;

(378)      Thalictrum cooleyi**                                         Endangered

                Cooley's Meadowrue;

(379)      Thaspium pinnatifidum                                     Threatened

                Mountain Thaspium;

(380)      Thelypteris simulata                                           Endangered

                Bog Fern;

(381)      Thermopsis fraxinifolia                                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Ash-leaved Golden-banner;

(382)      Thermopsis mollis                                               Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Appalachian Golden-banner;

(383)      Tradescantia virginiana                                     Threatened

                Virginia Spiderwort;

(384)      Triantha glutinosa                                               Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Sticky Bog Asphodel;

(385)      Trichomanes boschianum                                 Endangered

                Appalachian Filmy-fern;

(386)      Trichostema brachiatum                                   Endangered

                Glade Bluecurls;

(387)      Tridens ambiguus                                                                Endangered

                Pineland Triodia;

(388)      Tridens chapmanii                                              Threatened

                Chapman's Redtop;

(389)      Tridens strictus                                                     Special Concern, Historical

                Spike Triodia;

(390)      Trientalis borealis                                                Endangered


(391)      Trifolium carolinianum                                      Special Concern, Historical

                Carolina Clover;

(392)      Trifolium reflexum                                              Threatened

                Buffalo Clover;

(393)      Trillium discolor                                                   Threatened

                Mottled Trillium;

(394)      Trillium flexipes                                                   Special Concern, Historical

                Bent White Trillium;

(395)      Trillium pusillum var. ozarkanum                    Endangered

                Alabama Least Trillium;

(396)      Trillium pusillum var. pusillum                         Endangered

                Carolina Least Trillium;

(397)      Trillium pusillum var. virginianum                   Endangered

                Virginia Least Trillium;

(398)      Trillium sessile                                                      Threatened

                Sessile-flowered Trillium;

(399)      Trillium simile                                                       Threatened

                Sweet White Trillium;

(400)      Trisetum spicatum                                              Special Concern, Historical

                Soft Trisetum;

(401)      Turritis glabra                                                       Endangered

                Tower Mustard;

(402)      Urtica chamaedryoides                                      Endangered

                Dwarf Stinging Nettle;

(403)      Utricularia cornuta                                              Threatened

                Horned Bladderwort;

(404)      Utricularia geminiscapa                                     Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Two-flowered Bladderwort;

(405)      Utricularia minor                                                 Special Concern, Historical

                Small Bladderwort;

(406)      Utricularia olivacea                                             Threatened

                Dwarf Bladderwort:

(407)      Utricularia resupinata                                         Endangered

                Northeastern Bladderwort;

(408)      Vaccinium macrocarpon                                   Threatened


(409)      Veratrum woodii                                                  Threatened

                Ozark Bunchflower;

(410)      Veronica americana                                           Threatened

                American Speedwell;

(411)      Viola walteri var. appalachiensis                      Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Appalachian Voilet;

(412)      Warea cuneifolia                                                 Endangered

                Carolina Pineland-cress;

(413)      Woodsia ilvensis                                                  Endangered

                Rusty Cliff Fern;

(414)      Xyris chapmanii                                                  Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Chapman's Yellow-eyed-grass;

(415)      Xyris floridana                                                     Threatened

                Florida Yellow-eyed-grass;

(416)      Xyris scabrifolia                                                   Special Concern, Vulnerable

                Harper's Yellow-eyed-grass;

(417)      Xyris serotina                                                       Threatened

                Acid-swamp Yellow-eyed-grass;

(418)      Xyris stricta                                                           Endangered

                Pineland Yellow-eyed grass;

(419)      Zephyranthes simpsonii                                     Endangered

                Rain Lily.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.15;

Eff. July 1, 1980;

Amended Eff. December 1, 2010; August 1, 2006; March 1, 2004; July 1, 1998; April 1, 1993; December 1, 1992; September 1, 1991; August 1, 1990.




History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.15;

Eff. July 1, 1980;

Amended Eff. August 1, 2006; March 1, 2004; July 1, 1998; April 1, 1993; December 1, 1992; September 1, 1991; August 1, 1990;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.




History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106‑202.19;

Eff. July 1, 1980;

Repealed Eff. June 30, 1981.






History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.15;

Eff. June 30, 1981;

Amended Eff. March 1, 2004; July 1, 1998; June 1, 1991; August 1, 1990; May 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. December. 1, 2010.



(a)  Definitions:

(1)           Department.  The North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services;

(2)           Ginseng.  Any plant of the species Panax quinquefolius including cuttings, roots, fruits, seeds, propagules or any other plant part;

(3)           Ginseng Dealer.  Any person who purchases or otherwise obtains ginseng roots which have been collected or cultivated in North Carolina in any quantity for commercial use.  This definition does not include those persons who directly collect or cultivate ginseng roots, or who obtain ginseng roots for their own personal use;

(4)           Export Certificate.  A document issued to allow the export or shipment of ginseng out of the state by certifying that the ginseng covered by the document was legally collected or grown in North Carolina;

(5)           Five Year Old Wild Ginseng Plant.  Any wild ginseng plant having at least three prongs (five-leaflet leaves) or, in the absence of leaves, having at least four discernible bud scars plus a bud on the neck (rhizome);

(6)           Inspector.  An employee of the Department or any other person authorized by the Commissioner to enforce the Plant Protection and Conservation Act and the rules adopted thereunder;

(7)           Person.  Individual, corporation, partnership, firm, or association;

(8)           Record of Ginseng Purchases.  A document completed by a ginseng dealer on a form provided by the Department to record ginseng purchases;

(9)           Record of Harvest Season Collection.  A document completed and signed by a collector of wild ginseng and by an Inspector, certifying that the ginseng covered by the document was legally collected during the harvest season; and

(10)         Statement Indicating Legal Collection of Ginseng from One's Own Land. A document completed and signed by a person verifying that the wild collected ginseng being sold was collected from that person's own land.

(b)  Purpose.  The purpose of this Rule is to regulate trade in ginseng in North Carolina, to obtain federal approval for the export of ginseng from the state, to support the ginseng trade within the state, and to protect the species from over-collection and extinction.

(c)  Collection of Ginseng:

(1)           Harvest Season for the Collection of Ginseng.  The ginseng harvest season shall be from September 1 through December 31;

(2)           Size of Collected Plants.  Collection of any wild ginseng plant not meeting the definition of a five year old wild ginseng plant is prohibited except for the purpose of replanting;

(3)           Replanting of Ginseng.  All persons collecting ginseng from the wild shall plant the seeds of collected plants within 100 feet of where the plants are located.  Ginseng seeds may be collected from the wild for replanting to a different location only if the plant bearing the seeds is not also collected in the same harvest season;

(4)           Any person collecting wild ginseng on the lands of another for any purpose shall, at time of collection, have on his or her person written permission from the landowner, as required under G.S. 106-202.19(a)(1); and

(5)           Possession of freshly dug ginseng on the lands of another shall constitute prima facie evidence that the ginseng was taken from the same land on which the collector was found.

(d)  Purchase, Collection and Sale of Ginseng:

(1)           Ginseng Dealer Permits.  All ginseng dealers shall obtain a permit from the Plant Industry Division of the Department prior to purchasing ginseng.  Permits shall be valid from July 1 or the date of issue, whichever is later, to the following June 30.  No ginseng shall be purchased by a ginseng dealer without a current permit;

(2)           Fees.  A ginseng dealer shall pay the following fee for a permit:

(A)          Resident unlimited quantity - $100.00

(B)          Resident limited (up to 100 pounds per license period) - $50.00

(C)          Non-resident - $500.00;

(3)           Buying Season for Ginseng.  The buying season for wild or wild-simulated green ginseng is September 1 through March 31.  The buying season for wild or wild-simulated dry ginseng is September 15 through March 31.  To buy wild collected ginseng outside of this buying season a ginseng dealer must obtain from the collector either:

(A)          a completed Statement Indicating Legal Collection of Ginseng from One's Own Land; or

(B)          a Record of Harvest Season Collection completed by the collector and signed by an Inspector;

(4)           Purchase Records.  Every ginseng dealer shall keep a record of each purchase of ginseng collected or grown in North Carolina on the applicable Record of Ginseng Purchases provided by the Department. Forms from previous years, copies, or any forms other than those provided by the Department for the current permit period shall not be used.  Records of Ginseng Purchases shall be made available for inspection by an Inspector and applicable records shall be surrendered to an Inspector upon issuance of an Export Certificate or upon request.  The applicable Statement Indicating Legal Collection of Ginseng from One's Own Land or Record of Harvest Season Collection shall be attached to any Record of Ginseng Purchases recording a purchase of wild collected ginseng collected outside of the harvest season or bought outside of the buying season;

(5)           Purchase of Ginseng from Other Ginseng Dealers.

(A)          All ginseng dealers who purchase ginseng from other ginseng dealers located in North Carolina shall purchase only from those ginseng dealers that have valid dealer permits.  Such purchases shall be recorded in a Record of Dealer-Dealer Transactions.  Ginseng purchased from ginseng dealers who lack valid permits shall not be certified for export or shipment out of the state.

(B)          Each dealer shall submit copies of purchase records monthly between September 1 and March 31.  Annual dealer reports shall be provided to the Department at the end of the purchase season. The report must be submitted no later than April 30.

(C)          A copy of end of season weight receipt shall be provided to the Department for any ginseng roots possessed by a dealer at the end of the buying season.  The receipt must be retained by the dealer and presented at the time of any future certification of the ginseng for export;

(6)           Exportation and Shipment of Ginseng.  All persons who have ginseng in any quantity and wish to export or ship any amount out of the state shall obtain an export certificate from an Inspector.  There shall be no charge for an export certification.  To obtain an export certificate a person must have accurate records of his purchases, present and surrender the original Record of Ginseng Purchases upon issuance of an export certificate and possess a valid ginseng dealer's permit; and

(7)           Importation of Ginseng.  All ginseng imported into North Carolina from other states must obtain the appropriate certificates from the state of origin, which must be presented to a Department representative at the time of inspection.

(e) Cultivation and Sale of Cultivated Ginseng.

(1)           Buying season for Cultivated Ginseng.  Cultivated Ginseng may be sold at any time during the year provided that the grower's ginseng has been certified as Cultivated Ginseng; and

(2)           Certifying Cultivated Ginseng.  Cultivated Ginseng certified by a Department representative may be dug or sold any time during the year and does not require a state export certificate, as long as a copy of the certification records accompany the ginseng.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-202.15; 106-202.21;

Eff. June 30, 1981;

Amended Eff. July 3, 2012; December 1, 2010; April 1, 2003; July 1, 1998; August 1, 1990; May 1, 1984.



(a)  Collection of flytraps:

(1)           Any person collecting Venus Flytraps on the lands of another shall, at time of collection, have on their person written permission from the landowner, as required under G.S. 106-202.19(1); and

(2)           Possession of freshly dug Venus Flytraps on the lands of another shall constitute prima facie evidence that the plants were taken from the same land on which the collector was found.

(b)  Sale of flytraps:  Lawfully collected flytraps may be sold in accordance with 02 NCAC 48F .0402.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.15;

Eff. June 1, 1991;

Amended Eff. December 1, 2010; July 1, 1998.




02 NCAC 48F .0401           DEFINITIONS

(a)  "Department" means the North Carolina Department of Agriculture.

(b)  "Horticulturally" means grown from seed or by vegetative propagation of cuttings or meristem tissue.

(c)  "Inspector" means an employee of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture or any other person authorized by the Commissioner to enforce these Regulations.

(d)  "Nursery" means any place where any plants are propagated or grown to be offered.

(e)  "Nursery Certificate or Certificate of Plant Inspection" means a document issued by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture or the appropriate plant pest regulatory agency of any other state which declares that the nursery named on the certificate has been inspected and found apparently free of injurious plant pests.

(f)  "Offer" means to sell, barter, trade, exchange, export, or to offer for sale, barter, trade, exchange or export or give away for any purpose including advertising or other promotional purposes.

(g)  "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, firm, or association.

(h)  "Protected Plant Propagator" means a person who has obtained initial plants and has demonstrated that all plants to be offered have been propagated and grown horticulturally.

(i)  "Plant" means any member of the plant kingdom, including cuttings, roots, fruits, seeds, propagules or any other plant part.

(j)  "Protected Plant Permit" means a document authorizing the collection, movement and possession of a controlled number of any protected plant or their propagules for scientific research, conservation purposes, or for propagation and sale.

(k)  "Special Concern-Vulnerable (SC-V)" means any species or higher taxon of plant which is likely to become a threatened species within the foreseeable future.

(l)  "Special Concern-Historical (SC-H)" means any species or higher taxon of plant that occurred in North Carolina at one time, but for which all known populations are currently considered to be either historical or extirpated.

(m)  "Rescue" means the collection and movement of any endangered or threatened plant as an ultimate attempt to save the plants from being destroyed.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-202.15;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. December 1, 2010; May 1, 1984.


02 NCAC 48F .0402           Protected PLANT Propagation

(a)  Persons within the State of North Carolina who wish to propagate or offer any protected plant species shall make application to the Department pursuant to 02 NCAC 48F .0407 for a permit to:

(1)           obtain propagation stock, or

(2)           offer propagated plants.

(b)  Applicants must meet the following criteria:

(1)           Identify the source of the initial stock of plants used for propagation;

(2)           Demonstrate that all protected plants to be offered have been nursery propagated and grown horticulturally;

(3)           Allow for a yearly inspection of site and facilities where protected plants are grown or stored for offer. All applicable nursery regulations and requirements must also be met at the time of obtaining protected plant permits.  In addition to the yearly inspection, the site and facilities must be made available for inspection at any other time at the request of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture;

(4)           The person or persons offering protected plants shall maintain records of all acquisitions for the length of time these plants are in his possession.  Such records shall be available for inspection by the Department and recorded on the permits or certificates of origin;

 (5)          At the time of inspection, the person who has made application to offer any protected plant or plants shall identify each species to be offered by common and scientific name as found in the current edition of "The Manual of Vascular Flora of the Carolinas" or, if not found in this edition, as identified by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists.  Each species to be offered shall be listed on a protected plant permit and only those species listed shall be offered.  Offering plants not listed is grounds for revocation of the protected plant permit and other remedies under the law.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.15; 106-202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. December 1, 2010; May 1, 1984.



02 ncac 48f .0404           duplication of special concern permits


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106‑202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. May 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.



Every carload, box package, shipment or other container of endangered and threatened plant or plants on the North Carolina list or any state or federal list originating outside of North Carolina and being moved into North Carolina for delivery or resale must be accompanied by satisfactory documentation asserting that the endangered and threatened plant or plants of each species were legally collected, propagated or grown in compliance with the regulations or laws of the state, country of origin, or U.S. Government.  The shipment must bear the name and address of the shipper.  Any endangered or threatened plants not meeting these requirements when found will be subject to stop‑sale.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106‑202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. May 1, 1984.






History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106‑202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. May 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.



02 NCAC 48F .0407           protected plant permits; certificate of origin

(a)  Protected Plant Permits.  Protected Plant Permits are required for the following activities involving plants or plant parts of any species found on the protected plant list:

(1)           collection or removal from the wild (including for scientific or rescue purposes);

(2)           propagation or offering of plants or plant parts for sale;

(3)           planting, introducing, or reintroducing protected plants or plant parts into non-garden environments.

(b)  Protected plant permits may be requested from the North Carolina Department of Agriculture, Plant Industry Division.

(c)  All permitted activities must be in compliance with all other state or federal laws.

(d)  Exempt Activities. Protected Plant Permits are not required for the following activities:

(1)           purchase of protected plant species from nurseries or dealers who hold necessary permits;

(2)           activities allowed under other existing state laws and regulations;

(3)           collection or removal of plants from one's own land;

(4)           propagation or sale of plants covered by a current certificate of origin.

(e)  Certificate of Origin.  A Certificate of Origin shall be issued upon request to anyone selling or distributing any protected plant species legally acquired in-state or from out-of-state.  A Certificate of Origin shall be issued only once, and shall be renewed each year at the time of the nursery inspection, as long as the holder of the certificate is maintaining the same stock of plants and as long as the conditions on the Certificate of Origin are being maintained.  A new Certificate must be issued at the time of inspection if new plant stock is acquired. A Certificate may also be issued for protected plants that were originally collected from one's own land and are being propagated for sale.  The Certificate shall include:

(1)           The signature of the nurseryman;

(2)           The following statement: "I hereby certify that the NC listed species in my possession are nursery propagated and not wild collected in NC, unless by permit, for sale, barter, or trade;"

(3)           The name and address of the nursery;

(4)           A list of protected species for sale and source(s) of plant material for each species.

(f)  Protected Plant Permit Fees.  Approved permit requests to collect plants or plant parts from the wild will be assessed fees for each collection event if such collection is anticipated or is likely to have the potential to generate income.  A fifty dollar ($50.00) fee will be applied per species, or two hundred dollars ($200.00) for each collection if Department staff make the collection on behalf of the permittee.

(g)  Information Requirements for Protected Plant Permit Applications.  All applicants must provide the following information:

(1)           applicant's full name, mailing address, telephone number(s);

(2)           if the applicant is an individual, the date of birth and any institutional affiliation related to the requested permit activity;

(3)           if the applicant is a corporation, firm, partnership, association, institution, or public or private agency, the name and address of the president or principle officer and full names and addresses of any representatives who will serve as agents during the project;

(4)           the scientific name of the species and the number of plants to be covered by the permit;

(5)           the reason for the application and a description of the work to be carried out, including the proposed  method of obtaining the species;

(6)           location where the requested activity is to take place and the location where the plants or plant parts will be held;

(7)           any additional justification and supporting documentation requested by North Carolina Department of Agriculture, Plant Industry Division representatives;

(8)           proposed start and ending date of permit.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.15;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. December 1, 2010; May 1, 1984.




History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106‑202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.




In emergency rescue operations a verbal permit may be acquired. This permit shall be issued when an emergency exists, there is insufficient time to issue a written permit, and the criteria for issuing and complying with a permit are followed.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106‑202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. December 1, 2010.


02 NCAC 48F .0410           criteria for issuance of protected plant permits

The proposed justification for a permit will be evaluated using the following criteria as appropriate:

(1)           the status of the species in North Carolina;

(2)           the status of the population from which the plants are to be collected or removed;

(3)           the amount of plant material to be collected;

(4)           the conditions under which the plants will be collected or removed;

(5)           the proposed use of the plant material;

(6)           known threats to the species;

(7)           where the plant material will be deposited;

(8)           the need for their rescue;

(9)           estimation of how the proposed activity is likely to affect or enhance the survival of the species;

(10)         policy set forth in the Plant Protection and Conservation Act and by previous Board decisions;

(11)         that the proponent has obtained and can document satisfactory evidence that plants can be legally obtained (for example, written permission from the owner or agent of the land from which the affected species is to be removed.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-202.15;

Eff. December 1, 2010.


02 NCAC 48F .0411           ISSUANCE of protected plant permits

Upon receipt of a properly executed application, a permit shall be issued unless:

(1)           the applicant has been assessed a penalty or convicted of any provision of any statute related to the activity for which the application is requested;

(2)           the applicant has failed to disclose information or material required or requested, or has made false statements in connection with the application;

(3)           the applicant has failed to demonstrate a valid justification for the permit and a showing of responsibility;

(4)           authorization of the permit requested potentially threatens a protected plant species population or habitat;

(5)           applicant has failed to pay any required fees;

(6)           applicant has failed to submit timely, accurate, or valid reports as required under permit; or

(7)           NCDA&CS finds through further inquiry that the applicant is not qualified.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-202.15;

Eff. December 1, 2010.


02 NCAC 48F .0412           conditions of permit issuance and acceptance

(a)  Any person or entity granted a permit under these provisions acknowledges the need to maintain appropriate records related to the permitted activity, as specified on the permit.

(b)  By accepting the permit, the permittee consents to and shall allow entry by agents or employees of the Department upon the premises where the permitted activity or permitted material resides at any reasonable hour to inspect the location, records, and materials pertinent to the permit.

(c)  The permit holder agrees to abide by any terms and conditions set forth in the permit.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-202.15;

Eff. December 1, 2010.


02 NCAC 48F .0413           Amendment of permits

(a)  Permittee request.  If circumstances change, an existing permit holder can request to modify the terms and conditions of their permit.  Any necessary supporting documentation and justification shall be provided to the Department to make proposed amendments.

(b)  The Department reserves the right to amend permits whenever the facts set forth in the permit application have changed or the circumstances which provided the justification for the issuance of the permit have changed.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-202.15;

Eff. December 1, 2010.




02 NCAC 48F .0501           DESIGNATIONS

02 ncac 48f .0502           form pc-1

02 ncac 48f .0503           form pc-2

02 ncac 48F .0504           form pc-3

04 ncac 48f .0505           form pc-4

02 ncac 48f .0506           form pc-5

02 ncac 48F .0507           form pc-6


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106-202.19;

Eff. April 8, 1981;

Amended Eff. September 1, 1991; August 1, 1990; May 1, 1984; June 30, 1981;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.


02 ncac 48f .0508           form pc-7

02 ncac 48f .0509           form pc-8

02 ncac 48f .0510           form pc-9

02 ncac 48f .0511           form pc-10


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106-202.19;

Eff. June 30, 1981;

Amended Eff. August 1, 1990; May 1, 1984;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.


02 ncac 48f .0512           form pc-11

02 ncac 48f .0513           form pc-12

02 ncac 48F .0514           form pc-13

02 ncac 48f .0515           form pc-14     


History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑202.12 through 106-202.19;

Authority G.S. 106‑202.15;

Eff. August 1, 1990;

Repealed Eff. December 1, 2010.