02 NCAC 60C .0102          DEFINITIONS

In addition to the terms defined in G.S. 113-44.4 and 113A-52, the following definitions shall apply throughout this Subchapter:

(1)           "Accelerated Erosion" means any increase over the rate of natural erosion, as a result of land-disturbing activities.

(2)           "Access Road" means a temporary or permanent access route.

(3)           "Adverse Impact" as used for pesticides and fertilizers means actions which result in a violation of adopted water quality standards of the Environmental Management Commission Sections 15A NCAC 2B .0200 - Classifications and Water Quality Standards Applicable to Surface Waters of North Carolina, 15A NCAC 2L .0200 - Classifications and Water Quality Standards (related to groundwater) and the N.C. Pesticide Board Rule 2 NCAC 9L .1005 - Restricted Areas.

(4)           "Best Management Practice" (BMP) means a practice, or combination of practices, that is determined to be an effective and practicable (including technological, economic, and institutional considerations) means of preventing or reducing the amount of pollution generated by nonpoint sources to a level compatible with water quality goals.

(5)           "Channel" means a natural water-carrying trough cut vertically into low areas of the land surface by erosive action of concentrated flowing water or a ditch or canal excavated for the flow of water.

(6)           "Colloidal Particles" means fine grained materials, organic or inorganic, that are easily suspended such as clay particles.

(7)           "Ford" means a submerged stream crossing which will bear intended traffic.

(8)           "Ground Cover" means any natural vegetative growth or other natural or manmade material which renders the soil surface stable against accelerated erosion.

(9)           "Land-Disturbing Activity" means any use of the land by any person in residential, industrial, educational, institutional or commercial development, highway and road construction and maintenance that results in a change in the natural cover or topography and that may cause or contribute to sedimentation.

(10)         "Groundwater" means phreatic water or subsurface water in the zone of saturation.

(11)         "Log Deck" means a place where logs are gathered in or near the forest for further transport, sometimes called a "landing".

(12)         "Mill Site" means any place where forest products are stored, altered, or processed.

(13)         "Permanently Stabilized" means the site is protected to the state at which no further accelerated erosion is expected to occur from the forestry activities.

(14)         "Pesticides" means a chemical used to kill pests.  The term includes insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, and rodenticides.

(15)         "Site Preparation" means a forest activity to prepare the site for reforestation.

(16)         "Skid Trail" means a temporary pathway principally used to drag or transport felled trees or logs or other material to a landing.

(17)         "Stream" means a body of concentrated flowing water in a natural low area of the land surface.

(a)           "Ephemeral stream" means a stream that flows only during and for short periods following precipitation and flows in low areas that may or may not have a well-defined channel.

(b)           "Intermittent stream" means a stream that flows only during wet periods of the year (30-90 percent of the time) and flows in a continuous well-defined channel.

(c)           "Perennial stream" means a stream that flows throughout a majority of the year (greater than 90 percent of the time) and flows in a well-defined channel.

(18)         "Streamside Management Zone (SMZ)" means an area along both sides of intermittent and perennial streams and perennial waterbodies where extra precaution is used in carrying out forest practices in order to protect water quality.

(19)         "Visible Sediment" means solid particulate matter, both mineral and organic, which can be seen with the unaided eye that has been or is being transported by water, air, gravity, or ice from its site of origin. This does not normally include colloidal sized particles.

(20)         "Waterbody" means a natural or man-made basin that stores water, not including jurisdictional wetlands or beaver ponds.

(18)         "Working Days" means days exclusive of Saturdays and Sundays during which weather conditions or soil conditions permit land-disturbing activity to be undertaken.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 113-44.4; 113A-52; 113A-52.1;

Eff. January 1, 1990;

Transferred from 15A NCAC 01I .0102 Eff. April 1, 2014.