The following definitions, as well as the definitions set forth in G.S. 70-12, shall apply to Section .0800 and this Section, unless otherwise indicated:

(1) "Abandoned shipwrecks" means sunken vessels, ships, boats, and other watercraft and their associated cargoes, tackle, and materials that have remained unclaimed for 10 years as set forth in G.S. 121-22.

(2) "Applicant" means a person or entity applying for a permit or license to conduct any archaeological investigations on State lands or archeological sites, or any type of exploration, recovery, or salvage operations of any part of an Abandoned shipwreck or its contents.

(3) "Emergency archaeological investigation" means any surface collection, subsurface test, excavation, or other activity that results in the disturbance or removal of archaeological resources occurring on State lands or Abandoned shipwrecks undertaken because of:

(a) the accidental discovery of archaeological resources during construction or other ground disturbing activities; or

(b) threat of damage or destruction to archaeological resources caused by events including vandalism, fire, erosion, land clearing, road construction, dredging, flood, or hazardous contamination.

(4) "Ground disturbance" means any activity that compacts or disturbs the ground including disturbance upon State lands or Abandoned shipwrecks related to the construction, alteration, trenching or expansion of dikes, borrow pits, utility lines, airports, bridges, housing developments, boat basins and channels, and the placement of fill or spoil dirt.

(5) "Land controlling agency" means the State agency with management responsibilities for State land.

(6) "Permit" means written authorization in accordance with these Rules to conduct archaeological investigation on State lands or Abandoned shipwrecks.

(7) "Protected Area" means an area identified by the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources as having scientific, archaeological, or historical value, as evaluated by criteria set forth in 36 C.F.R. 60.4.

(8) "Principal Investigator Archaeologist" means a person possessing the following:

(a) a postgraduate degree or equivalent training and experience in archaeology, anthropology, history, or another related field with a specialization in archaeology;

(b) a minimum of one year's experience in conducting archaeological field research; and

(c) a minimum of five years' experience in theoretical and methodological design and in collecting, handling, analyzing, evaluating, and reporting archaeological data.

(9) "Risk of harm" means any disclosure of the nature or location of any archaeological resource that results or may result in the loss or destruction of archaeological context or information or the loss of historical, scientific, environmental, monetary, or religious attributes and values attributable to in archeological sites and artifacts.

(10) "State Archaeologist" means the head of the Office of State Archaeology (Archaeology Section), Division of Historical Resources, Office of Archives and History, Department of Natural and Cultural Resources.

(11) "State lands" shall mean "land" as defined in G.S. 70-12.

(12) "Archaeological artifacts" means those materials showing human workmanship or modification or having been used or intended to be used or consumed by humans, including relics, monuments, tools and fittings, utensils, instruments, weapons, ammunition, and treasure trove and precious materials including gold, silver, bullion, pottery, ceramic, and similar or related materials.


History Note: Authority G.S. 70-12; 70-13; 70-14; 121-4; 121-22; 121-23; 143B-62(1)(h);

Eff. June 1, 2017.