(a)  Unrestrained animals, except those used in supervised activities or pet therapy programs, shall not be allowed in a child care center, including the outdoor learning environment.  When animals are on the premises, copies of vaccination records required by North Carolina law and local ordinances shall be available for review.  Any animals kept as pets shall be examined by a veterinarian to determine that they are free from vermin, such as mites, lice, fleas, and ticks, and pathogens that could adversely affect human health.  Turtles, iguanas, frogs, salamanders, and other reptiles or amphibians are not allowed to be kept as pets on the premises.  Animals shall not be allowed in or kept at the entrances to food preparation areas.  Animal cages shall be kept clean and waste materials shall be bagged, sealed, and immediately disposed of in the exterior garbage area in a covered container.  Animals belonging to child care owners, employees, volunteers, visitors, and children shall not be allowed in child care centers or on the premises unless the above requirements are met.

(b)  Effective measures shall be taken to keep uncontained insects, rodents, and other vermin out of the child care centers and to prevent their breeding or presence on the premises.  Traps shall only be placed in areas inaccessible to children.

(c)  All openings to the outer air shall be protected against the entrance of flying insects.  In food preparation areas, only fly traps, pyrethrin-based insecticides or a fly swatter shall be used for extermination of flying insects. Products shall be used only in accordance with directions and cautions appearing on their labels.  Insecticides shall not come in contact with raw or cooked food, utensils, or equipment used in food preparation and serving, or with any other food-contact surface.

(d)  Only those pesticides which have been registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services shall be used.  Pesticides shall be used in accordance with the directions on the label and shall be stored in a locked storage room or cabinet separate from foods and medications.  Pesticides shall not be applied or used when children are present in the area.

(e)  Decks, fences, playground equipment, and other products constructed or installed after September 1, 2006 shall not be made from chromated copper arsenate (CCA) pressure-treated wood unless the use of CCA-treated wood is for an approved use listed on the CCA product label and allowed under the US EPA Supplemental Guidance on Interpretation of Revised Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA) Wood Preservative Label, as amended.

(f)  In areas accessible to children, CCA-treated wood decks, playground and recreational equipment, and structures installed or constructed:

(1)           prior to January 1, 2005; or

(2)           where EPA allows the use of CCA-treated wood,

shall be sealed using an oil-based, semi-transparent sealant; oil-based clear stain; or a water-based clear stain applied at least once every two years.

(g)  At the time of the initial sealant or stain application and whenever more than two years has passed since the previous sealant application, soil under such wood shall be:

(1)           removed and replaced with similar material;

(2)           covered with at least four inches of soil, gravel, sand, sod, or other vegetation; or

(3)           otherwise made inaccessible.

(h)  Any composting areas shall be covered and maintained to prevent attracting rodents or vermin.  Worm bins shall be kept covered.

(i)  Grass, fruit and vegetable gardens, vines on fences, and other vegetation shall be maintained in a manner which does not encourage the harborage of vermin.

(j)  Pets kept outdoors shall be in a designated area that is maintained and separate from the outdoor area used by the children.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 110-91;

Eff. July 1, 1991;

Temporary Amendment Eff. April 15, 1998;

Amended Eff. August 2, 2007; January 1, 2006; April 1, 1999.