Unless it is shown that a negligent act of an officer, employee, or agent of the state while acting in the scope of his office, service agency or authority was the sole proximate cause of any injury, loss, or damage, carrier shall not be liable for any injury, loss, or damage that shall result from an act of God, public enemy, restraint of rulers, quarantine, peril of the sea or other waters, latent defect in hull, boilers, propellers, piping, shafting, or machinery; or for injury, loss or damage that shall result from collision, stranding, fire, sanitary regulation or operation, explosion, accident to or breakdown of machinery, or of any propelling appliances, or accident, or navigation; or for any personal injury to passenger; or loss or damage to passengers' baggage or other property.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 136‑82; 143B‑10(j);

Eff. July 1, 1978;

Pursuant to G.S. 150B-21.3A, rule is necessary without substantive public interest Eff. September 6, 2016.