21 NCAC 36 .0120             DEFINITIONS

The following definitions apply throughout this chapter unless the context indicates otherwise:

(1)           "Administrative Law Counsel" means an attorney whom the Board of Nursing has retained to serve as procedural officer for contested cases.

(2)           "Academic term" means one semester of a school year.

(3)           "Accountability/Responsibility" means being answerable for action or inaction of self, and of others in the context of delegation or assignment.

(4)           "Accredited institution" means an institution accredited by a United States Department of Education approved institutional accrediting body.

(5)           "Active Practice" means activities that are performed, either for compensation or without compensation, consistent with the scope of practice for each level of licensee as defined in G.S. 90-171.20(4), (7), and (8).

(6)           "Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)" means a nurse practitioner, nurse anesthetist, nurse-midwife or clinical nurse specialist.

(7)           "Assigning" means designating responsibility for implementation of a specific activity or set of activities to a person licensed and competent to perform such activities.

(8)           "Clinical experience" means application of nursing knowledge in demonstrating clinical judgment in a current or evolving practice setting where the student provides care to clients under the supervision of faculty or a preceptor.

(9)           "Clinical judgment" means the application of the nursing knowledge, skills, abilities, and experience in making decisions about client care.

(10)         "Competent" means having the knowledge, skills, and ability to safely perform an activity or role.

(11)         "Continuing Competence" means the on-going acquisition and application of knowledge and the decision-making, psychomotor, and interpersonal skills expected of the licensed nurse resulting in nursing care that contributes to the health and welfare of clients served.

(12)         "Contact Hour" means 60 minutes of an organized learning experience.

(13)         "Continuing Education Activity" means a planned, organized learning experience that is related to the practice of nursing or contributes to the competency of a nurse as outlined in 21 NCAC 36 .0223 Subparagraph (a)(2).

(14)         "Controlling institution" means the degree-granting organization or hospital under which the nursing education program is operating.

(15)         "Curriculum" means an organized system of teaching and learning activities directed toward the achievement of specified learning objectives and outcomes.

(16)         "Delegation" means transferring to a competent individual the authority to perform a selected nursing activity in a selected situation. The nurse retains accountability/responsibility for the delegation.

(17)         "Debriefing" means an activity that follows a clinical or simulated experience and is led by a trained faculty facilitator. Students' reflective thinking is encouraged, and feedback is provided regarding the students' performance during discussion of various aspects of the completed experiences.

(18)         "Dimensions of Practice" means those aspects of nursing practice that include professional responsibility, knowledge-based practice, ethical and legal practice, and collaborating with others, consistent with G.S. 90-171.20(4), (7), and (8).

(19)         "Distance education" means teaching and learning strategies used to meet the learning needs of students when the students and faculty are not in the same location.

(20)         "External standardized examination" means a commercially available standardized predictive test that provides individual student scores that are linked to a probability of passing the NCLEX™ examination.

(21)         "Faculty directed clinical practice" means clinical experiences provided under the accountability/responsibility and direction of nursing program faculty.

(22)         "Focused client care experience" means a clinical experience that emulates an entry-level work experience in nursing. The intent is to assist the student to transition to an entry-level nursing practice. There is no specific setting requirement. Supervision may be by faculty and preceptor dyad or direct faculty supervision.

(23)         "Interdisciplinary faculty" means faculty from professions other than nursing.

(24)         "Interdisciplinary team" means all individuals involved in providing a client's care who cooperate, collaborate, communicate, and integrate care to ensure that care is continuous and reliable.

(25)         "Learning resources" means materials that faculty use to assist students in meeting the expectations for learning defined by the curriculum.

(26)         "Level of Licensure" means practice of nursing by either a Licensed Practical Nurse or a Registered Nurse as defined in G.S. 90-171.20(7) and (8).

(27)         "Level of student" means the point in the program to which the student has progressed.

(28)         "Maximum enrollment" means the total number of pre-licensure students that can be enrolled in the nursing program at any one time. The number reflects the capacity of the nursing program based on demonstrated resources sufficient to implement the curriculum.

(29)         "Methods of Instruction" means the planned process through which teacher and student interact with selected environment and content so that the response of the student gives evidence that learning has taken place. It is based upon stated course objectives and outcomes for learning experiences in classroom, laboratory, simulation and clinical settings.

(30)         "National Credentialing Body" means a credentialing body that offers certification or re-certification in the licensed nurse's or Advanced Practice Registered Nurse's specialty area of practice.

(31)         "NCLEX-PN™" means the National Council Licensure Examinations for Practical Nurses.

(32)         "NCLEX-RN™" means the National Council Licensure Examinations for Registered Nurses.

(33)         "Nursing Accreditation body" means a national nursing accrediting body, recognized by the United States Department of Education.

(34)         "Nursing program faculty" means individuals employed full or part-time by academic institution responsible for developing, implementing, evaluating and updating nursing curricula.

(35)         "Nursing project" means a project or research study of a topic related to nursing practice that includes a problem statement, objectives, methodology and summary of findings.

(36)         "Participating in" means to have a part in or contribute to the elements of the nursing process.

(37)         "Pattern of noncompliance" means episodes of recurring non-compliance with one or more Rules in Section .0300.

(38)         "Preceptor" means a registered nurse at or above the level of licensure that an assigned student is seeking, who may serve as a teacher, mentor, role model and supervisor for a faculty directed clinical experience.

(39)         "Prescribing Authority" means the legal permission granted by the Board of Nursing and Medical Board for the nurse practitioner and nurse midwife to procure and prescribe legend and controlled pharmacological agents and devices to a client in compliance with Board of Nursing rules and other applicable federal and state law and regulations.

(40)         "Program Closure" means to cease operation of a nursing program.

(41)         "Program" means a course of study that prepares an individual to function as an entry-level practitioner of nursing. The three "Program Types" are:

(a)           BSN - Curriculum components for Bachelor of Science in Nursing provides for the attainment of knowledge and skill sets in the current practice in nursing, nursing theory, nursing research, community and public health, health care policy, health care delivery and finance, communications, therapeutic interventions and current trends in health care. For this program type, the client is the individual, family, group, and community.

(b)           Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN)/Diploma in Registered Nursing - Curriculum components for the ADN/Diploma in Registered Nursing provides for the attainment of knowledge and skill sets in the current practice in nursing, community concepts, health care delivery, communications, therapeutic interventions and current trends in health care. For this program type, client is the individual, group of individuals, and family.

(c)           Practical Nurse Diploma - Curriculum prepares for providing direct nursing care under the supervision of a registered nurse or other health care provider as defined by the Nursing Practice Act. Curriculum components provide for the attainment of knowledge and skill sets in the current practice of practical nursing, communications, therapeutic interventions, including pharmacology, growth and development, and current trends in health care. For this program type client is the individual or group of individuals.

(42)         "Review" means collecting and analyzing information to assess compliance with Section .0300 of this Chapter. Information may be collected by multiple methods, including review of written reports and materials, on-site observations, review of documents, and in-person or telephone interview(s) and conference(s).

(43)         "Rescind Approval" means a Board action that removes the approval status previously granted by the Board.

(44)         "Self-Assessment" means the process whereby an individual reviews her or his own nursing practice and identifies the knowledge and skills possessed as well as those skills to be strengthened or acquired.

(45)         "Simulation" means a technique, not a technology, to replace or amplify clinical experiences with guided experiences that evoke or replicate substantial aspects of the real world of nursing practice in a fully interactive manner.

(46)         "Specialty" means a broad, population-based focus of study encompassing the common health-related problems of a particular group of patients and the likely co-morbidities, interventions, and responses to those problems.

(47)         "Supervision" means the provision of guidance or direction, evaluation, and follow-up by a licensed nurse to accomplish an assigned or delegated nursing activity or set of activities.

(48)         "Survey" means an on-site visit for the purpose of gathering data in relation to reviewing a nursing program's compliance with Section .0300 of this Chapter.


History Note:        Authority G.S. 90-171.23; 90-171.38;

Eff. April 1, 2003;

Amended Eff. June 1, 2017; December 1, 2016; July 1, 2012; November 1, 2008; May 1, 2006; December 1, 2005; August 1, 2005.